Map S.1.4     Principal Industries in Saxony, 1910




Source: Bruno Krause, ed., Sächsischer Vaterlands-Atlas, 2nd rev. ed. (Dresden, n.d. [c. 1912]). (See translation below.)




Legend at right:


of the regions and places

for the production and processing

of various materials


1.)  made of stone:


  Hard Coal               Brown Coal

   Iron ore,   B - Lead,   K - Copper.

S - Silver, Z - Tin, o - Metalworking.

+++ Pottery, Porcelain. □ Glassworks.

X - Chemicals,  • - Salt,  □ – Mineral springs.


2.) from the plant world:


  Cotton milling and weaving,

     knitware, linen.

   Linen weaving, damask


3.) from the animal world:


  Wool milling and weaving, felt,

     cloth, rugs, dress trimmings

--- Leatherworking.



The number of factories in Saxony (in 1909) amounted to 27,524; the number of male and female workers was 697,862.


In the metalworking and engineering industry alone there were 3,886 factories and 155,312 male and female workers.


In the weaving industry alone there were 6,124 factories and 235,387 male and female workers.


The mining industry provides work for over 34,000 people. Iron ore mining employs 2,300 people in 136 mines. The yield in 1908 amounted to almost 0.5 million hundredweights [= 25,000 tons] worth over 1.5 million Marks. Brown coal mining employs over 5,000 people in 83 mines. The yield in 1908 amounted to 57 million hundredweights worth more than 8 million Marks. Hard coal mining provides work for more than 26,000 people in 22 mines. The yield in 1908 amounted to 100 million hundredweights, worth over 67 million Marks.


The deepest mine shafts in Saxony are “Morgenstern III” in Pöhlau near Zwickau, 1,082m deep, “Vereinigt Feld” in Bockwa-Hohndorf, 900m deep, [and] “Glückaufschacht Himmelfürst Fundgrube” near Freiberg, 686m. – The highest chimney in Saxony, the Halsbrücker Esse, is 140m high.           




Copyright © 2017 James Retallack. All rights reserved. This page is part of the Online Supplement to James Retallack, Red Saxony: Election Battles and the Spectre of Democracy in Germany, 1860-1918 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017). ISBN 978-0-19-966878-6.